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Lawsuits

  • alibi

    A defense claim that the accused was somewhere else at the time a crime was committed....

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  • alimony

    Money the court orders you to pay to a spouse or ex-spouse. (See spousal support.)...

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  • allegation

    A statement or claim that is made and hasn't been proved to be true or false....

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  • allege

    To say, declare, or charge that something is true even though it isn't proved yet....

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  • alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

    Methods of resolving disputes without official court proceedings. These methods include mediation and arbitration....

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  • amend

    To add to or change a claim that has been filed in court....

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  • amicus curiae

    Someone that gives advice to the court about the law in a case, but isn't part of the case. Comes from the Latin for "friend of the court."...

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  • annulment ("nullity of marriage")

    A legal action that says your marriage was never legally valid because of unsound mind, incest, bigamy, being too young to consent, fraud, force, or physical incapacity....

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  • anonymous

    When someone's name is kept secret....

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  • answer

    A statement that a defendant writes to answer a civil complaint and say what defense they will use....

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  • appeal

    When someone that loses at least part of a case asks a higher court (called an "appellate court") to review the decision and say if it was right. This is called "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." The...

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  • appearance

    Going to court. Or a legal paper that says you will participate in the court process....

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  • appellant

    Someone that appeals a court's decision. (Compare with appellee.)...

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  • appellate

    Having to do with appeals. An appellate court can review a lower court's (called a "trial court" or "superior court") decision. For example, California Courts of Appeal review the decisions of the sup...

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  • appellate court

    A court that can review how the law was used to decide a case in a lower court....

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