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Lawsuits

  • Child Protective Services (CPS)

    State agency that responds to reports of child abuse and neglect. If the agency's investigations show there is abuse or neglect, they open a child protection case. Then, a case worker makes a plan to ...

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  • child support

    Money paid by a parent to help support a child or children....

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  • child support enforcement (CSE) agency

    Agency that exists in every state to find parents that don't have custody (called "noncustodial parents," or "NCPs"). Or to find the person assumed to be the father of a child (called a "putative fath...

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  • circumstantial evidence

    All evidence that is indirect. Testimony not based on actual personal knowledge or observation of the facts in dispute....

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  • citation

    A court order or summons that tells a defendant what the charges are. Also tells the defendant to go to court and/or post bail....

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  • cited

    When a defendant is not in custody but has signed a ticket promising to go to court on a certain day; can be used for any infraction, city or county ordinance, or misdemeanor....

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  • citing authority or agency

    An agency related to the court, like the city police or the California Highway Patrol, that can arrest people for breaking the law....

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  • civil case

    A lawsuit to get property back, to force someone to complete a contract, or to protect someone's civil rights....

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  • civil jurisdiction

    A court's right or power to hear noncriminal ("civil") cases....

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  • civil process

    Court papers that tell the people in a civil case that it has started. Or papers that try to force the court to reach a judgment....

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  • claim of exemption

    A court paper filed by the judgment debtor that lists each piece of property that the judgment debtor claims is an exempt asset under certain provisions of the law and, therefore, can't be taken to pa...

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  • claim splitting

    When you split up a civil claim and file 2 lawsuits to stay below the limit of how much money you can ask for. Not allowed in most cases....

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  • clerk of court

    A person chosen by the judges to help manage cases, keep court records, deal with financial matters, and give other administrative support....

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  • codes

    The law created by statutes. For example, the California Code of Civil Procedure, California Civil Code, California Vehicle Code, California Penal Code, and California Health and Safety Code....

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  • codicil

    A legal paper that adds to or changes a will....

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