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Lawsuits

  • Collaborative Law

    A way to solve conflicts without going to court. Both sides have a lawyer, but they agree not to go to court unless it is impossible to settle the case....

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  • commissioner

    A person chosen by the court and given the power to hear and make decisions in certain kinds of legal matters....

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  • commit

    To do something. "To commit" a crime. To put someone in a sheriff's custody. To use a court order to send a person to jail....

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  • commitment order

    A court order that says a person must be kept in custody, usually in a jail or mental institution....

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  • common barratry (also called "barretry")

    Making a habit of starting fights or lawsuits. Starting lawsuits without a good reason....

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  • common law

    Laws that come from court decisions and not from statutes ("codes") or constitutions....

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  • community obligations

    Community obligations are the debts that a husband and wife or registered domestic partners OWE TOGETHER. In most cases that includes anything that you still owe on any debts either of you took on dur...

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  • compensatory damages

    Money that one person must pay another to cover the cost of a wrong or injury. (See damages.)...

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  • competence order

    An order from a superior court that says a defendant is mentally able to go to trial. Tells the trial court to go ahead with the criminal case....

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  • complainant

    Person that wants to start a court case against another person. In a civil case, the complainant is the plaintiff. In a criminal case, the complainant is the state....

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  • complaint

    In civil cases, a written statement filed by the plaintiff that starts a case. Says what the plaintiff thinks the defendant did and asks the court for help. Also called the "initial pleading" or "peti...

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  • compulsory

    Required by legal process or by law....

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  • concurrent sentences

    Sentences you can serve at the same time. For example, if you have concurrent sentences of 10 years and 5 years, you must serve a total of 10 years. (Compare with consecutive sentences.)...

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  • confession

    When someone admits, out loud or in writing, that they committed a certain crime. (Compare with admission.)...

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  • confidential record

    Information in a court case that is not available to the public. (See public record, sealed record.)...

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