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Lawsuits

  • dismiss without prejudice

    When a court dismisses a case but will allow other suits to be filed on the same claim....

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  • disposable income

    What's left of an employee's income after making legally required deductions, like taxes. Disposable income is used to decide how much of the employee's pay will be taken for a garnishment, attachment...

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  • disposition

    The final decision by the court in a dispute....

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  • disqualification

    When a judge decides (usually voluntarily) not to hear a case. In most cases, this decision has to do with an outside interest of the judge's that may influence his or her ability to decide the case i...

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  • dissolution

    A marriage that is ended by a judge's decision, also known as a "divorce." (Compare nullity.)...

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  • diversion

    Instead of going to jail, a defendant goes to a rehabilitation ("rehab") program and is supervised by a probation officer. When the defendant finishes the program, the charges are dismissed and the de...

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  • divorce

    A common name for a marriage that is legally ended....

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  • docket

    A record with the complete history of each case a court hears. It contains short chronological summaries of the court proceedings....

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  • due process

    The regular way that the law is administered through the courts. The U.S. Constitution says that everyone has to have a day in court, has the right to be represented by a lawyer, and the right to bene...

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  • earnings assignment

    A way for an employee to transfer (or "assign") portions of his or her future paychecks to pay a debt, like child support....

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  • earnings withholding order

    Court order delivered ("served") by a levying officer or registered process server that directs a judgment debtor's employer to withhold the earnings of the judgment debtor for the purpose of wage gar...

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  • electronic funds transfer (EFT)

    Electronic movement of funds from 1 bank account to another....

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  • electronic surveillance

    Use of an electronic device to keep an eye on where a sentenced person is in the community and to restrict his or her activities, instead of putting the person in jail. (See also home detention.)...

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  • emancipation

    A legal way for children to become adults before they're 18. Once a child is emancipated, his or her parents don't have custody or control of him or her anymore. Learn more about emancipation....

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  • eminent domain

    The right of the state to take private property for public use after giving fair compensation to the owner....

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