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Lawsuits

  • good cause

    A good reason. For example, a party must have good cause (better than not having a car or a baby-sitter) for not coming to a court hearing....

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  • grand jury

    A group of 16 to 23 citizens that listen to the prosecutor's evidence of criminal allegations and decide whether there is probable cause to believe a person committed a crime and to charge them with t...

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  • guarantor

    A person that promises to be responsible for the debt of another person if that person fails to pay the debt on time....

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  • guardian ad litem

    A court-appointed adult that represents a minor child or legally incompetent person. (See also ad litem.)...

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  • guardianship

    In California, a court proceeding where a judge appoints someone to care for a person under age 18 or to manage the minor's estate (property), or both. In some states, conservatorship of an adult is c...

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  • guidelines

    In family law, a standard method for figuring out child support payments based on the income of the parent(s) and other factors according to state law. The Federal Family Support Act of 1988 says stat...

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  • guilty

    A court decision that a defendant committed a crime. Or when a defendant admits he or she committed a crime....

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  • guilty plea

    When a person admits in court that he or she is guilty of the crime charged in a criminal complaint, information, or indictment....

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  • habeas corpus

    The name of a writ used to bring a person before a court or judge to decide whether that person is being unlawfully denied his or her freedom. The term comes from Latin....

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  • habitable

    A rental unit that is fit for people to live in. A rental unit that follows important building and safety code standards that affect tenants' health and safety is called "habitable." See uninhabitable...

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  • hearing

    A formal court proceeding with the judge and opposing sides present, but no jury....

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  • hearsay

    Statements by a witness that did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay usually can't be used as evidence in court....

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  • heir(ess)

    A person that inherits or receives money or property from someone that has died....

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  • held to answer

    A judge's decision at the end of a preliminary hearing in a trial court saying there is enough evidence against the defendant to have a trial. (See also bind over.)...

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  • holding cell

    A cell inside a courthouse where prisoners are held in custody before and after their court appearance....

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