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Lawsuits

  • indictment

    The formal charge issued by a grand jury saying there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial. Used primarily for felonies. (See also information.)...

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  • indigent

    This term usually refers to a person that is poor, needy, and has no one to look to for support....

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  • in forma pauperis

    This is a Latin phrase meaning permission given by a court to a person to file a case without paying the required court fees because the person can't afford to pay them....

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  • information

    A written accusation charging a person with a crime. It is presented in court by a prosecuting officer under oath and does not come from a grand jury. (See indictment.)...

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  • infraction

    A minor violation of a law, contract, or right that is not a misdemeanor or a felony and can't be punished by time in prison. (Compare felony, misdemeanor.)...

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  • initiating jurisdiction

    The state or county court, or administrative agency, that sends a request for action to another jurisdiction in interstate child support cases....

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  • injunction

    A court order that says a defendant can't perform, or must perform, a specific act. (Compare enjoin, restraining order.)...

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  • in limine

    Latin for "at the beginning" or "at the threshold," such as a motion in limine at the beginning of trial to ask that certain evidence be excluded....

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  • innocent

    Found by a court to be not guilty of criminal charges; acquitted. (See also acquittal.)...

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  • in propria persona (in pro per)

    When a person represents himself or herself without a lawyer. This comes from the Latin for "in one's own proper person." (See also pro per, pro se.)...

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  • inquest

    A legal inquiry (investigation) in a court or before court officers authorized to hold inquiries, usually to figure out the cause and circumstances of a death....

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  • installment payments

    Weekly, monthly, or other periodic payments on a debt....

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  • instructions

    The explanation of constitutional rights given by a judge to a defendant....

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  • instructions to jury

    Instructions given by a judge to a jury immediately before they decide a case, telling the jury what laws apply to that case. (See also admonition to jury, jury instructions.)...

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  • intercept

    When nonwage payments (like federal income tax refunds, state income tax refunds, unemployment benefits, and disability benefits) made to a parent that owes support are taken and given to the parent w...

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