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Lawsuits

  • judge

    An official of the judicial branch of government with authority to decide lawsuits brought before courts. The term "judge" may also refer to all judicial officers, including Supreme Court justices....

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  • judgment

    (1) The official decision of a court that resolves the dispute between the parties to a lawsuit; (2) the official decision or finding of a judge or administrative agency hearing officer about the resp...

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  • judgment creditor

    The party (either the plaintiff or the defendant) in whose favor a judgment has been awarded....

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  • judgment debtor

    The party that the judgment has been entered against....

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  • judgment debtor's statement of assets

    In small claims, the form listing the judgment debtor's assets and sources of income that the judgment debtor must complete and send to the judgment creditor within 30 days after receiving notice of t...

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  • judicial

    Belonging to or appropriate to the office of a judge; relates to the administration of justice....

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  • Judicial Council

    The Judicial Council of California is the constitutionally mandated body responsible for improving the administration of justice in the state. The council is made up of judges, court executives, attor...

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  • Judicial Council forms

    The Judicial Council of California has created many forms (called "Judicial Council forms") to standardize the preparation of court documents. People involved in lawsuits (also called "litigants") mus...

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  • judicial district

    The state is divided into judicial districts that define the geographical area of each court's authority....

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  • judicial officer

    Judges, referees, and commissioners that make court decisions as a judge....

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  • judicial positions

    The judge, referee, and commissioner positions authorized by the state Legislature for a particular court jurisdiction....

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  • jurisdiction

    (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case; (2) the geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases; (3) the territory, subject matter, or persons over which lawfu...

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  • jurisdictional limit

    The maximum amount of money that a court can award. The limit is $5,000 for most small claims cases, but a claimant can't file more than 2 small claims court actions for more than $2,500 anywhere in t...

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  • jurisprudence

    The study of law and the structure of the legal system....

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  • juror

    A person selected to be on a jury....

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