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Lawsuits

  • nonservice

    When a summons or warrant is issued but not served (delivered)....

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  • notary public

    A person authorized under civil law to administer oaths, to attest (affirm) and certify that certain documents are authentic, and to take depositions....

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  • notice

    A written announcement or warning. For example, a notice to the other side that on a certain date a particular motion will be made in court....

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  • Notice of Entry of Judgment

    A court form telling the parties about the judge's decision in a lawsuit....

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  • Notice of Opposition to Claim of Exemption

    In small claims court, a paper filed by the judgment creditor opposing the judgment debtor's claim that certain assets are exempt from collection....

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  • nullity

    The legal invalidation of a marriage; annulment. (Compare dissolution.)...

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  • nunc pro tunc

    When a court order is issued on 1 date but is effective retroactively (as of a date that is in the past); from the Latin for "now for then."...

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  • objection

    A formal protest made by a party over testimony or evidence that the other side tries to introduce....

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  • obligation

    Law or duty that requires parties to follow their agreement. An obligation or debt may be created by a judgment or contract, like child support....

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  • obligee

    The person, state agency, or institution owed a debt (usually money) like child support (also called "custodial party" if the money is owed to the person with primary custody of a child)....

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  • obligor

    The person that must pay child support or perform some other financial obligation....

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  • offense

    An act that violates (breaks) the law. (See also crime, public offense.)...

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  • Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE)

    The federal agency responsible for administering the nationwide child support program....

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  • offset

    Amount of money taken from a parent's state or federal income tax refund before he or she receives it, or from an administrative payment like federal retirement benefits, to pay a child support debt....

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  • opinion

    A judge's written explanation of the decision of the court in appellate cases. Because a case may be heard by 3 or more judges in the appellate court, the opinion in appellate decisions can take sever...

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