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Lawsuits

  • recidivist

    Habitual criminal, repeat offender....

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  • reciprocity

    A relationship in which 1 state gives certain privileges to other states or the citizens of other states on the condition that the first state and its citizens receive the same privileges in those oth...

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  • record

    A written account of the proceedings in a case, including all pleadings, evidence, exhibits, and judgment submitted during the case....

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  • record on appeal

    A copy of the pleadings, evidence, exhibits, orders, and judgment, filed in a case in a trial court and a transcript of the testimony from the case....

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  • record sealing

    A request for a court order to "seal" the record of a misdemeanor conviction. To be eligible for sealing, the crime must have been committed before a defendant's 18th birthday and the judge must have ...

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  • records retention and disposal schedule

    A system or plan covering all records kept by a court that states what records may be disposed of and when....

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  • recuse

    To excuse (oneself) or be excused from a criminal or civil proceeding because of conflict of interest. For example, a judge may recuse himself or herself from a case because of personal or professiona...

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  • referee

    A person appointed by the court to hear and make decisions on limited legal matters, like juvenile or traffic offenses....

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  • referral

    Usually refers to an alternative program, like drug/alcohol rehabilitation ("rehab") instead of serving time in jail....

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  • register of actions

    The official permanent court record of actions in civil cases, including small claims. May be kept electronically and/or in a ledger....

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  • reinstated bail

    When bail that had been forfeited, exonerated, or reduced is reestablished in its original amount. (See also bail exoneration, bail forfeiture.)...

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  • remand

    (1) When an appellate court sends a case to a lower court for further proceedings; (2) to return a prisoner to custody....

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  • remanding order

    An order to the sheriff to hold a defendant in custody until his or her next court appearance, or until bail is posted....

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  • remittitur (of record)

    The transfer of the records of a case from a Court of Appeal to the original trial court for further action or other disposition as ordered by the appellate court....

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  • rent control ordinances

    Laws in some communities that limit or prohibit rent increases, or that limit the reasons why a landlord can evict a tenant....

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