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Lawsuits

  • subpoena duces tecum

    An official court order to bring documents or records to a stated place at a stated time....

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  • subrogate

    To substitute 1 person for another in a legal claim....

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  • substituted service

    Service of process on a party by leaving the court papers with someone other than a party to the lawsuit; valid only if certain specified procedures are followed. (See also service of process.)...

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  • summary judgment

    A court decision made on the basis of statements and evidence presented for the court record without a trial. It is used when no factual disputes exist in the case. Summary judgment is granted if, bas...

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  • summons

    A notice to a defendant or respondent that an action against him or her was filed in the court issuing the summons and that a judgment will be taken against him or her if the defendant or respondent d...

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  • superior court

    The trial court in each county of the State of California. This court hears all adoption, family law, juvenile, criminal, civil, small claims, and probate cases....

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  • Supervised visitation

    Visitation between a parent and a child that happens in the presence of another specified adult. The court may order supervised visitation when there has been domestic violence, child abuse, or a thre...

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  • support order

    A court order for the support of a child, spouse or domestic partner. A support order can include monetary support; health care; payment of debts; or repayment of court costs and attorney fees, intere...

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  • suppress

    To stop or put an end to someone's activities. To suppress evidence is to withhold it from disclosure or publication....

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  • surety bond

    An insurance policy taken out by a defendant with a national insurance company in which the insurer agrees to pay the court the amount of bail required for the defendant's release if the defendant fai...

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  • surety bond register

    A bound, dated volume made available to the public and containing information about each surety bond deposited with the court. It is used by surety bond insurance companies and their bail bondsmen to ...

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  • surrogate parent

    A person that substitutes for the legal parent to advocate for a child's special educational rights and needs; can be selected by the child's parent or appointed by the local educational agency (LEA)....

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  • suspend

    To postpone, stay, or withhold certain conditions of a judicial sentence for a temporary period of time....

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  • suspended sentence

    In criminal law, this means the defendant doesn't have to serve the sentence at the time the sentence is imposed....

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  • Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)

    Time-limited public assistance payments made to poor families, based on title IV-A of the Social Security Act. TANF replaced Aid to Families With Dependent Children (AFDC, also called "welfare") in 19...

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